The President


The President is the Chief Executive. The President of the US is chosen in a national election for a four-year term of office with no more than two full terms allowed. The candidate must be at least 35 years old, a native-born citizen of the US and have lived in the US for 14 years.

The national presidential elections really consist of two separate campaigns: the primary election, and the general election. The first is for the nomination of candidates at national party conventions and  the second is to win the actual election. The nominating race is a competition between members of the same party. They run in a succession of state primaries and caucuses. They hope to gain a majority of delegate votes for their national party conventions. The party convention then votes to select the party's official candidate for the presidency. Then follow several months of presidential campaigns by the candidates.

In November of the election year, the voters across the nation go to the polls. If the majority of the popular votes in a state go to the Presidential candidate of one party, then that person is supposed to get all of that state's "electoral votes". These electoral votes are equal to the number of Senators and,  Representatives each state has in Congress. The electoral votes are counted and certified in the states and are sent to Congress. They are than counted in the both houses of Congress. If a presidential candidate does not get a majority of electoral votes, the Senate elects Vice President from the 2 vice-presidential,, candidates with the highest number of electoral votes. The House of Representatives elects the President f' from 3 candidates with highest number of votes.

The day electors are elected is the Thursday after the first Monday in November every four years. The day the electors vote for President and Vice President is the first Monday after the second

Wednesday in December and the day these votes are counted by Congress is 6 of January.

The powers of the President are:

  1. Power of Commander in Chief of the armed forces.
  2. Power to require in wrighting opinions from the chief officers in each of the executive departments. The President's Cabinet has 12 secretaries:, sec. of state, sec. Of treasury, sec of defense, attorney in general, sec of interior etc.
  3. Power to grant pardons to breakers of federal law.
  4. Power to make treaties with foreighn countries with the consent of two-thirds of the Senate.
  5. Power to appoint with the Senate consent ambassadors, consuls, judges of Supreme Court and all other officers of the US government.
  6. Power to make temporary appointments.

As head of the Executive Branch, the President must discharge the government programs adopted by Congress. He recommends programmes and laws to Congress and request money for federal government operations. If a President "vetoes" or refuses to sighn a bill passed by the Congress, his veto: may be abolished by a two-thirds vote of both houses of Congress. If a President dies, resign or becomes permanently disabled, the Vice President takes his duties until the next election.

The duties of the President are followed:

  1. He must inform Congress as to the condition of the country, usually at the beginning of the session and ask the laws that he thinks are necessary and needed be passed.
  2. He arises either house or both houses of Congress in a case of national emergency.
  3. He may adjourn Congress if two houses cannot reach a decision of when to adjourn.
  4. He must see that the laws of the US are carried out faithfully.

Under the US Constitution a sitting President may be impeached before his term expires only by an impeachment process that begins with the House of Representatives. If upon sufficient evidence, the House drafts a "bill of impeachment", which must be approved by two-thirds of its membership, trial in the Senate, with the Chief Justice of the US acting as the judge and the Senators as the jury, follows. Onlyone American President has ever been impeached: Andrew Johnson in 1868.

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